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Adoption – what it is good to know?

  • the rights and duties existing between parent and child are recreated between an adoptive parent and an adopted child by adoption.
  • adoption is for an unspecified term and cannot be conditional.
  • a person of at least twenty-five years of age who is capable of raising the adoptive child may be an adoptive parent.
  • Only a minor who is under eighteen years of age may be adopted.
  • a child may only be adopted if his/her parent(s) has (have) given his/her (their) consent for the adoption, if his/her parent(s) is (are) dead or if his/her parent(s) has (have) been deprived of parental rights.
  • the same child may be adopted only by persons who are married to each other.
  • an adoptive parent may be a person who is not married.

What is the role of the court?

  • the court decides on an adoption only on the basis of the application of a person wishing to adopt.
  • the court shall include the county governor of the child’s residence in collecting the data necessary for the adoption (applicant’s health, proprietary situation, housing, capability of raising the child, caring for the child and maintaining the child) in order to submit them to the court.
  • the court decides on an adoption in the proceedings on a petition, where it may invite a biological parent to attend.
  • the court will include a child protection official in the adoption process.
  • the court will draft the adoption judgment, which will enter into force upon its delivery to the adopter
See lehekülg on muudetud 18/04/10 20:45.
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